The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament

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The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament. It has traditionally been held to have been written by Saint Peter the apostle during his time as bishop of Rome or Bishop of Antioch, though neither title is used in the epistle. The letter is addressed to various churches in Asia Minor suffering religious persecution. Most contemporary scholars conclude that Peter was not the true author of this epistle.

This epistle is addressed “to the strangers dispersed through Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, elect,” (five provinces of Asia Minor) though it otherwise appears to be addressed to Gentiles rather than to the Jews of the Diaspora. Some of these areas were evangelized or re-evangelized, by Paul of Tarsus according to Acts 16:6-7, 18:23.