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Chapter 10 1 In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together an exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.3 Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving words, so as he magnified him.4 For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join with Alexander against us:5 Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him, and against his brethren and his people.6 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host, and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should be delivered him.7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him authority to gather together an host.9 Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto Jonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the city.11 And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the mount Sion and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.12 Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;13 Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own country.14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law and the commandments remained still: for it was their place of refuge.15 Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jonathan: when also it was told him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,16 He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we will make him our friend and confederate.17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according to these words, saying,18 King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:19 We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and meet to be our friend.20 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.21 So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered together forces, and provided much armour.22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,23 What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?